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There are three types: O Gingival abscess O Pericoronal abscess O Periodontal abscess. 5. O Among all the abscesses of the periodontium. “Regional” enlargements refer to involvement of gingiva around three or more . Histopathological examination of gingival/periodontal/pericoronal abscess may. The periodontal abscess is an acute destructive process in the periodontium the gingival sulcus or other periodontal sites and not arising from the tooth pulp.

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Gingival cysts are unusual cysts of odontogenic source. Localized, purulent infection within the tissues adjacent to the periodontal pocket that may lead to the destruction of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.

Table 2 Gingival enlargement associated with syndromes in gihgiva types of genetic disorders. The tooth may be mobileand the lesion may contribute to destruction of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.

[Periodontal abscess: etiology, diagnosis and treatment].

Excisional biopsy is the best management for these lesions[ 4 ]. Marquez is an associate professor, division of periodontics, department of dental clinical sciences, faculty of dentistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Am J Hum Genet. Before pus has formed, the lesion will not be fluctuant, and there will be no purulent discharge. Drug induced gingival enlargement. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Indian J Hum Genet. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.


Usual allergens known to be associated with this lesion could be, e. According to location, enlargements could be marginal, papillary or diffuse. Tooth pain and numb avses as the initial presentation of systemic malignancy.

When not involved by secondary inflammation, the enlargement looks like mulberry shape, firm, pink and resilient with minute lobulations and no bleeding on probing.

Intraoral and pulmonary tuberculosis giniva dental treatment. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. A clinicopathological study of cases.

How Do I Manage a Patient with Periodontal Abscess?

When pus forms, the pressure increases, with increasing pain, until it spontaneously drains and relieves the pain. Capillary hemangiomas, increased size of lips, tongue, teeth malformations, delayed exfoliation of teeth, calcified roots. A case of Schinzel-Giedion syndrome complicated with progressive severe gingival hyperplasia and progressive brain atrophy.

Peripheral fibroma, presenting as pink firm, uninflammed mass growing from under the gingiva; B: It is thought to be due to alternate wetting and drying of the gingival surface. Parameter on acute periodontal diseases. Heterogeneity in gingival fibromatosis. Published online Sep National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Bruxism is a common cause of excessive occlusal forces.

How Do I Manage a Patient with Periodontal Abscess? | jcda

This article revises the existing knowledge of different types of enlargements and highlights some important diagnostic features. Angiogranulomas may present as: Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Differential diagnosis of gingival enlargement requires thorough dental and medical history, careful evaluation of the type, nature gingivva extent of enlargement and identification of etiologic or predisposing factors. In these cases, it becomes difficult to associate duration of occurrence of enlargement with related drug history.


Gingival enlargements: Differential diagnosis and review of literature

Leave this field blank. Oral lesions as the first clinical sign of microscopic polyangiitis: Penetrating injury to the gingiva–for example, with a toothbrush bristle, fishbone, toothpick or periodontal instrument–may inoculate bacteria into the tissues. J Oral Surg Chic ; Peripheral giant cell granuloma They occur particularly in anterior region in young patients or agses posterior mouth during mixed dentition phase and in adults.

Cobblestone papules of gingiva and buccal mucosa, macrocephaly, multiple hamartomas, learning disabilities, autism. American Academy of Periodontology.

Usually, this will be therapy for periodontal disease, such as oral hygiene instruction and periodontal scaling.