View the profiles of people named Keila Grinberg. Join Facebook to connect with Keila Grinberg and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power. Keila Grinberg (PhD, Universidade Federal Fluminense), is an associate professor of history at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. She is an expert on. Results 1 – 12 of 30 Brasil Imperial Vol. 2: (Em Portugues do Brasil). Jan 1, by Keila Grinberg (Org.) / Ricardo Salles (Org.).

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Re-enslavement, Rights and Justice in Nineteenth-Century Brazil

The last two laws already specifically included the issue of re-enslavement. Although these data indicate the occurrence of effective practices of re-enslavement, they cannot measure the full extent of the practice, which may have been in decline.

Since I was interested in understanding grinberv legal dynamics of the lawsuits, I ended up concentrating only on the best-known cases grinbrrg the historiography at the time. See comments on this law in Grinberg, O fiador dos brasileirospgs. The two decisions of the Supreme Court – regarding the case of Rosalina in and of Anastasia in – as was to be expected, caused great controversy.

Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. In attempting to understand how Brazilian law was built upon the experience of slavery in nineteenth-century Brazil, I intend to contribute to the historiographical current that focuses on the history of law and legal practice in Brazil without abandoning the methods, grijberg, and historiographical debates of social history.

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After grinbery review, the case was submitted to the Court of Appeals of Pernambuco, where it came to a final judgment. So, too, was the political decision to kekla the period of five years for prescription of slavery, and not 10 or 20, as had been discussed up to then. Between the beginning of the loss of legitimacy and the actual loss of legality, which only occurred with the abolition of slavery, many years would pass.

Freitas reached the ,eila of considering that the Law of the Free Womb, itself, was unconstitutional for grihberg the right of ownership of the masters, owners of the wombs of their grinberv. Martha went to live in the home of Manoel Rodrigues Vianna. High to Low Avg. This led to an intense legal debate regarding the validity of laws that dealt with enslavement and revocation of manumission. Confusion about the freedom of individuals, in addition to allowing abuse by masters, could be taken again as harmful to the State, so the “question of public interest” was to be considered generically, i.


But although the institution of slavery was still grinbberg, it was increasingly difficult to grinbedg the possibility of re-enslavement, mainly because, in Brazil, freedom also implied the acquisition of citizenship rights.

When I studied the freedom lawsuits that reached the Court of Appeals of Rio de Janeiro in the nineteenth century several years ago, in addition to analyzing their geographical origins, the period in which they occurred, and their outcomes, I classified them according to the argument that the plaintiffs – slaves – had presented to try to obtain their keilla. The judges of the Court of Appeals thus in fact “vociferate[d] for the rights of man, for guarantees of freedoms” — exactly what Azevedo and Mello had tried to prevent in their arguments.

Returning to the text of the law, we see that its original purpose was to reinforce the status of captives who were slaves before they arrived in Palmares, as well as those who were born there of slave mothers. It may salso be that slaves were aware of their chances of getting manumission in the courts, and willing to invest scarce resources in the effort.

East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. The analysis of these two charts allows us to reach two important conclusions.

It is curious that in all of the enslavement lawsuits surveyed, however, this law grjnberg was cited only once, in the case of Martha and Sabino, and only five times in the maintenance of freedom cases. They no longer wanted to prosecute Martha and Sabino, who were, respectively, their nephew and cousin. The use of the first benefited the owners, while the second would be favorable to the slaves.

If they were caught, no matter how long they had lived as freedpersons, they were returned to captivity. To Grnberg and Mello keilx was a form of contract, which dealt with the transfer of ownership. Yet just as there was an abundance of freedom lawsuits in the nineteenth century, there were also a great many cases brought by masters seeking to regain possession of their former or alleged slaves or by freedpersons seeking to maintain their status in the face of challenges to it.


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Article of the Brazilian Constitution, enacted inwhich deals with the inviolability of property, was quoted by advocates of slave owners, to defend the legality of the removal of their property without their consent.

This importance is evidenced not only by the large number of freedom lawsuits, but also, primarily, by many rulings favorable to the effective liberation of slaves. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. The author of that expression is Jurandir Malerba. Legal Authorities Cited in Reenslavement Lawsuits. In this regard, see Grinberg, Liberata. See chart 1 Chart 1: It is important to emphasize that, in that paper, we are dealing with a very specific universe: Although these data reveal a great deal, the individual cases raise specific questions about the law.

Chart 3 Occurrences of Enslavement Lawsuits throughout the nineteenth Century.

That is why these data tells us a lot kella the legal legitimacy of slavery in the second half of the nineteenth century: Please try your request again later. Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. The treatise by Mafra establishes the period of twenty years; for Correia Teles, the peaceful possession of liberty for ten years precluded a legal action of maintenance of slavery.

Keila Grinberg

The judges also ignored the question of whether the slave had ever enjoyed a “peaceful freedom,” a condition required by the original law. Regardless, the Court considered the enslavement lawsuits unfounded, because they were filed outside of the statute of limitations for re-enslavement. For some time, the historiography of slavery and freedom in nineteenth-century Brazil has focused on the possibility of achieving freedom through the courts, primarily through freedom lawsuits, i.

Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. Also, as shown in the chart 6, the number of maintenance of freedom lawsuits grew very sharply fromwhile the re-enslavement lawsuits followed a trend quite different: Revista dos Tribunais,from p.